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NCERT Syllabus of Class 12th - Chemistry

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Chemistry Syllabus

1    THE SOLID STATE
        1.1    General Characteristics of Solid State
        1.2    Amorphous and Crystalline Solids
        1.3    Classification of Crystalline Solids
        1.4    Crystal Lattices and Unit Cells
        1.5    Number of Atoms in a Unit Cell
        1.6    Close-Packed Structures
        1.7    Packing Efficiency
        1.8    Calculations Involving Unit Cell Dimensions
        1.9    Imperfections in Solids
        1.10    Electrical Properties
        1.11     Magnetic Properties

2    SOLUTIONS
        2.1    Types of Solutions
        2.2    Expressing Concentration of Solutions
        2.3    Solubility
        2.4    Vapour Pressure of Liquid Solutions
        2.5    Ideal and Non-ideal Solutions
        2.6    Colligative Properties and Determination of Molar Mass
        2.7    Abnormal Molar Masses

3    ELECTROCHEMISTRY
        3.1    Electrochemical Cells
        3.2    Galvanic Cells
        3.3    Nernst Equation
        3.4    Conductance of Electrolytic Solutions
        3.5    Electrolytic Cells and Electrolysis
        3.6    Batteries
        3.7    Fuel Cells
        3.8    Corrosion

4    CHEMICAL KINETICS
        4.1    Rate of a Chemical Reaction
        4.2    Factors Influencing Rate of a Reaction
        4.3    Integrated Rate Equations
        4.4    Pseudo First Order Reaction
        4.5    Temperature Dependence of the Rate of a Reaction
        4.6    Collision Theory of Chemical Reactions

5    SURFACE CHEMISTRY
        5.1    Adsorption
        5.2    Catalysis
        5.3    Colloids
        5.4    Classification of Colloids
        5.5    Emulsions
        5.6    Colloids Around Us

6    GENERAL PRINCIPLES AND PROCESSES OF ISOLATION OF ELEMENTS
        6.1    Occurrence of metals
        6.2    Concentration of Ores
        6.3    Extraction of Crude Metal from Concentrated Ore
        6.4    Thermodynamic Principles of Metallurgy
        6.5    Electrochemical Principles o f Metallurgy
        6.6    Oxidation Reduction
        6.7    Refining
        6.8    Uses of Aluminium, Copper, Zinc and Iron

7    THE p-BLOCK ELEMENTS
        7.1    Group 15 Elements
        7.2    Dinitrogen
        7.3    Ammonia
        7.4    Oxides of Nitrogen
        7.5    Nitric Acid
        7.6    Phosphorus n Allotropic Forms
        7.7    Phosphine
        7.8    Phosphorus Halides
        7.9    Oxoacids of Phosphorus
        7.10    Group 16 Elements
        7.11    Dioxygen
        7.12    Simple Oxides
        7.13    Ozone
        7.14    Sulphur – Allotropic Forms
        7.15    Sulphur Dioxide
        7.16    Oxoacids of Sulphur
        7.17    Sulphuric Acid
        7.18    Group 17 Elements
        7.19    Chlorine
        7.20    Hydrogen Chloride
        7.21    Oxoacids of Halogens
        7.22    Interhalogen Compounds
        7.23    Group 18 Elements

8    THE d- and f-BLOCK ELEMENTS
        8.1    Position in the Periodic Table
        8.2    Electronic Configurations of the d-Block Elements
        8.3    General Properties of the Transition Elements (d-Block)
        8.4    Some important Compounds of Transition Elements
        8.5    The Lanthanoids
        8.6    The Actinoids
        8.7    Some Applications of d-and f-Block Elements

9    COORDINATION COMPOUNDS
        9.1    Werner’s Theory of Coordination Compounds
        9.2    Definition of Some Important Terms Pertaining to Coordination Compounds
        9.3    Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds
        9.4    Isomerism in Coordination Compounds
        9.5    Bonding in Coordination Compounds
        9.6    Bonding in Metal Carbonyls
        9.7    Stability of Coordination Compounds
        9.8    Importance and Applications of Coordination Compounds

10    HALOALKANES AND HALOARENES
        10.1    Classification
        10.2    Nomenclature
        10.3    Nature of C-X Bond
        10.4    Methods of Preparation
        10.5    Physical Properties
        10.6    Chemical Reactions
        10.7    Polyhalogen Compounds

11    ALCOHOLS, PHENOLS AND ETHERS
        11.1    Classification
        11.2    Nomenclature
        11.3    Structures of Functional Groups
        11.4    Alcohols and Phenols
        11.5    Some Commercially Important Alcohols
        11.6    Ethers

12    ALDEHYDES, KETONES AND CARBOXYLIC ACIDS
        12.1    Nomenclature and Structure of Carbonyl Group
        12.2    Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones
        12.3    Physical Properties
        12.4    Chemical Reactions
        12.5    Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones
        12.6    Nomenclature and Structure of Carboxyl Group
        12.7    Methods of Preparation of Carboxylic Acids
        12.8    Physical Properties
        12.9    Chemical Reactions
        12.10    Uses of Carboxylic Acids

13    AMINES
        13.1    Structure of Amines
        13.2    Classification
        13.3    Nomenclature
        13.4    Preparation of Amines
        13.5    Physical Properties
        13.6    Chemical Reactions
        13.7    Method of Preparation of Diazonium Salts
        13.8    Physical Properties Diazonium Salts
        13.9    Chemical Reactions Diazonium Salts
        13.10    Importance of Diazonium Salts in Synthesis of Aromatic Compounds

14    BIOMOLECULES
        14.1    Carbohydrates
        14.2    Proteins
        14.3    Enzymes
        14.4    Vitamins
        14.5    Nucleic Acids

15    POLYMERS
        15.1    Classification of Polymers
        15.2    Types of Polymerisation
        15.3    Molecular Mass of Polymers
        15.4    Polymers of Commercial Importance

16    CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE
        16.1    Drugs and their Classification
        16.2    Drug-Target Interaction
        16.3    Therapeutic Action of Different Classes of Drugs
        16.4    Chemicals in Food
        16.5    Cleansing Agents



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