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NCERT Syllabus of Class 12th - Physics

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Physics Syllabus

1    ELECTRIC CHARGES AND FIELDS
        1.1    Introduction of Electric Charges and Fields
        1.2    Electric Charges
        1.3    Conductors and Insulators
        1.4    Charging by Induction
        1.5    Basic Properties of Electric Charge
        1.6    Coulomb’s Law
        1.7    Forces between Multiple Charges
        1.8    Electric Field
        1.9    Electric Field Lines
        1.10    Electric Flux
        1.11    Electric Dipole
        1.12    Dipole in a Uniform External Field
        1.13    Continuous Charge Distribution
        1.14    Gauss’s Law
        1.15    Application of Gauss’s Law

2    ELECTROSTATIC POTENTIAL AND CAPACITANCE
        2.1    Introduction of Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
        2.2    Electrostatic Potential
        2.3    Potential due to a Point Charge
        2.4    Potential due to an Electric Dipole
        2.5    Potential due to a System of Charges
        2.6    Equipotential  Surfaces
        2.7    Potential Energy of a System of Charges
        2.8    Potential Energy in an External Field
        2.9    Electrostatics of Conductors
        2.10    Dielectrics and Polarisation
        2.11    Capacitors and Capacitance
        2.12    The Parallel Plate Capacitor
        2.13    Effect of Dielectric on Capacitance
        2.14    Combination of Capacitors
        2.15    Energy Stored in a Capacitor
        2.16    Van de Graaff Generator

3    CURRENT ELECTRICITY
        3.1    Introduction of Current Electricity
        3.2    Electric Current
        3.3    Electric Currents in Conductors
        3.4    Ohm’s law
        3.5    Drift of Electrons and the Origin of Resistivity
        3.6    Limitations of Ohm’s Law
        3.7    Resistivity of various Materials
        3.8    Temperature Dependence of Resistivity
        3.9    Electrical Energy, Power
        3.10    Combination of Resistors – Series and Parallel
        3.11    Cells, emf, Internal Resistance
        3.12    Cells in Series and in Parallel
        3.13    Kirchhoff’s Laws
        3.14    Wheatstone Bridge
        3.15    Meter Bridge
        3.16    Potentiometer

4    MOVING CHARGES AND MAGNETISM
        4.1    Introduction of Moving Charges and Magnetism
        4.2    Magnetic Force
        4.3    Motion in a Magnetic Field
        4.4    Motion in Combined Electric and Magnetic Fields
        4.5    Magnetic Field due to a Current Element, Biot-Savart Law
        4.6    Magnetic Field on the Axis of a Circular Current Loop
        4.7    Ampere’s Circuital Law
        4.8    The Solenoid and the Toroid
        4.9    Force between Two Parallel Currents, the Ampere
        4.10    Torque on Current Loop, Magnetic Dipole
        4.11    The Moving Coil Galvanometer

5    MAGNETISM AND MATTER
        5.1    Introduction of Magnetism and Matter
        5.2    The Bar Magnet
        5.3    Magnetism and Gauss’s Law
        5.4    The Earth’s Magnetism
        5.5    Magnetization and Magnetic Intensity
        5.6    Magnetic Properties of Materials
        5.7    Permanent Magnets and Electromagnets

6    ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION
        6.1    Introduction of Electromagnetic Induction
        6.2    The Experiments of Faraday and Henry
        6.3    Magnetic Flux
        6.4    Faraday’s Law of Induction
        6.5    Lenz’s Law and Conservation of Energy
        6.6    Motional Electromotive Force
        6.7    Energy Consideration : A Quantitative Study
        6.8    Eddy Currents
        6.9    Inductance
        6.10    AC Generator

7    ALTERNATING CURRENT
        7.1    Introduction of Alternating Current
        7.2    AC Voltage Applied to a Resistor
        7.3    Representation of AC Current and Voltage by Rotating Vectors – Phasors
        7.4    AC Voltage Applied to an Inductor
        7.5    AC Voltage Applied to a Capacitor
        7.6    AC Voltage Applied to a Series LCR Circuit
        7.7    Power in AC Circuit: The Power Factor
        7.8    LC Oscillations
        7.9    Transformers

8    ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
        8.1    Introduction of Electromagnetic Waves
        8.2    Displacement Current
        8.3    Electromagnetic Waves
        8.4    Electromagnetic Spectrum
           

9    RAY OPTICS AND OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS
        9.1    Introduction of Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
        9.2    Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors
        9.3    Refraction
        9.4    Total Internal Reflection
        9.5    Refraction at Spherical Surfaces and by Lenses
        9.6    Refraction through a Prism
        9.7    Dispersion by a Prism
        9.8    Some Natural Phenomena due to Sunlight
        9.9    Optical Instruments

10    WAVE OPTICS
        10.1    Introduction of Wave Optics
        10.2    Huygens Principle
        10.3    Refraction and reflection of Plane waves using Huygens Principle
        10.4    Coherent and Incoherent Addition of Waves
        10.5    Interference of Light Waves and Young’s Experiment
        10.6    Diffraction
        10.7    Polarization

11    DUAL NATURE OF RADIATION AND MATTER
        11.1    Introduction of Dual nature of Radiation and Matter
        11.2    Electron Emission
        11.3    Photoelectric Effect
        11.4    Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect
        11.5    Photoelectric Effect and Wave Theory of Light
        11.6    Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation: Energy Quantum of Radiation
        11.7    Particle Nature of Light: The Photon
        11.8    Wave Nature of Matter
        11.9    Davisson and Germer Experiment

12    ATOMS
        12.1    Introduction of Atoms
        12.2    Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherford’s Nuclear Model of Atom
        12.3    Atomic Spectra
        12.4    Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom
        12.5    The line Spectra of the Hydrogen Atom
        12.6    DE Broglie’s Explanation of Bohr’s Second Postulate of Quantisation

13    NUCLEI
        13.1    Introduction of Nuclei
        13.2    Atomic Masses and Composition of Nucleus
        13.3    Size of the Nucleus
        13.4    Mass-Energy and Nuclear Binding Energy
        13.5    Nuclear Force
        13.6    Radioactivity
        13.7    Nuclear Energy

14    SEMICONDUCTOR ELECTRONICS: MATERIALS, DEVICES AND SIMPLE CIRCUITS
        14.1    Introduction of Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
        14.2    Classification of Metals, Conductors and Semiconductors
        14.3    Intrinsic Semiconductor
        14.4    Extrinsic Semiconductor
        14.5    P-n Junction
        14.6    Semiconductor diode
        14.7    Application of Junction Diode as a Rectifier
        14.8    Special Purpose p-n Junction Diodes
        14.9    Junction Transistor
        14.10      Digital Electronics and Logic Gates
        14.11    Integrated Circuits

15    COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
        15.1    Introduction of Communication Systems
        15.2    Elements of a Communication System
        15.3    Basic Terminology Used in Electronic Communication Systems
        15.4    Bandwidth of Signals
        15.5    Bandwidth of Transmission Medium
        15.6    Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves
        15.7    Modulation and its Necessity
        15.8    Amplitude Modulation
        15.9    Production of a Amplitude Modulated Wave
        15.10    Detection o f Amplitude Modulated Wave



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